Duolog Math is similar to the Duolog Reading post that I added earlier, http://thecatutoringsolution.com/234/duolog-reading-ask-your-tutor-to-use-this-process-and-improve-your-childs-reading-ability/, only it deals with Math. The process has been proven to be succesful and I use the theory described when dealing with improving my students mathematical abilities.
This process is broken down into several steps:
- Step 1 – Listen – Give the student time to explain what they think that their difficulty is. Do not interrupt. Let them fully explain the problems they are having with the material.
- Step 2 – Read – If the problem is a word problem, be sure to read the problem together and check for understanding.
- Step 3 – Question – Ask questions that help to guide student thinking. Here are some examples: What kind of problem is it? What are we trying to discover? Can you restate the problem in another way? Can you break it down into steps? How did you get your answer? Does that make sense? Where was the last place that you knew you were right? What kind of mistakes do you think you might have made? Do not say, “You are wrong.” Try to avoid yes or no questions and give students time to fully construct their responses.
- Step #4 – Pause – Encourage students to think out loud and encourage them to do it all the time. That way it is easy to find out where they are going wrong and allows the tutor time to think of questions that will encourage self-correction.
- Step #5 – Make it Real – When the opportunity presents itself, use real world situations that the student may find themselves in in the future or have experienced in the past. By using real-life scenarios students are more likely to understand it’s importance and have a better idea of how to go about solving the problem.
- Step #6 – Check – Always check to see that the answers are correct, when answers are incorrect, encourage students to retry the problem and use guiding questions to see if they can self correct the problems they encountered.
- Step #7 – Praise – Give praise and encouragement whenever you get the chance. Even for small successes as it will help students from feeling frustrated.
- Step #8 – Summarize – At the end of each session, have the student summarize what they have learned. Point out where the student did well and where the student still needs improvement.
Duolog math works extremely well and I have personally witnessed it’s success in student achievement. One student had failed all previous math courses and when this program was implemented he received a B in Algebra 1A, which he had previously failed and a B in Algebra 1B, which he had previously received a D.
*All information about the Duolog writing process comes from Tutoring. Educational Practices Series — 5 by Keith Topping