Diagram of Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences
According to the renowned psychologist, Howard Gardner, there are 8 different types of intelligence: visual, linguistic, logical, bodily, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic – Gardner later added existential and moral intelligences. Although there are many who have criticized his theory, it is still a popular theory and one worth delving into in order to figure out where your strengths lie. Finding out what type of intelligence your child possesses might be crucial in finding his or her strengths and figuring out how to best help your child succeed in school and in the future.
What intelligence do you or your child possess?
Visual-Spatial Intelligence – People who possess this type of intelligence typically are good with puzzles, maps, and graphs. These people usually enjoy the visual arts and they tend to memorize information through images, videos, and pictures. Potential career options: architect, visual artist, engineer, navigator, sculptor, inventor, interior designer, and mechanic
Linguistic-Verbal Intelligence – These people are good at remembering written and spoken information, they are articulate, good writers and they enjoy reading, writing, and communicating verbally with others. Potential career options: poet, journalist, writer, teacher, lawyer, politician, and translator
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence – These individuals are good with finding relationships and patterns, they are very good at solving problems, they enjoy conducting scientific experiments and complex mathematic problems. Potential career options: scientist, mathematician, computer programmer, engineer, accountant, and researcher
Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence – People with this type of intelligence are usually good at sports or dancing, they have good physical control, these individuals learn by doing and they enjoy creating things using their hands. Potential career options: dancer, builder, sculptor, actor, athlete, physical education teacher, firefighter, and artisan
Musical-Rhythmic Intelligence – These individuals enjoy singing and playing instruments, they have a great respect for music, they understand the structure of music, and are therefore able to remember songs easily. Potential career options: musician, composer, singer, music instructor, conductor, and disk jockey
Interpersonal Intelligence – People with this type of intelligence are usually good at communicating, empathizing, and understanding others. They are able to interact well with others and to look at things through other peoples’ perspectives. Potential career options: psychologist, philosopher, counselor, sales person, politician, and businessperson
Interpersonal Intelligence – People with this type of intelligence are good at understanding their own emotions, motivations, and their strengths and weaknesses. They like to reflect on and analyze their own actions. Potential career options: philosopher, writer, theorist, scientist, and researcher
Naturalistic Intelligence – This was one of the most recent additions in Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences. Those who possess naturalistic intelligence are interested in nature and the environment. They are able to easily catalog information and they enjoy doing activities outdoors, like gardening. Potential careers: botanist, biologist, conservationist, gardener, farmer, and zoologist
Keep in mind that people can possess strengths and interests in more than one area. Gardner’s theory is simply that, a theory; nonetheless, it is interesting to learn what your child, your student, or you are the best at and how you can implement that to help retain information more successfully or to chose a future career.
If your child is in need of additional help, please give us a call and we will be more than happy to help your child succeed in her or his educational endeavors.
To take our mini version of the Multiple Intelligence test click on the link.